Macular degeneration is considered a leading cause of vision loss. In fact, millions of people around the globe are suffering from this condition right now. The number of patients suffering from macular degeneration is more than the patients who are suffering from glaucoma and cataracts combined. Macular degeneration is known as an incurable eye condition at the moment. The central part of the retina deteriorates during this condition. The central portion of the retina is known as the macula – which is important for focusing central vision in the eye. This portion is responsible for controlling one’s ability to read, recognize colors & faces, drive a vehicle, and see objects in greater detail. This http://thesightclinic.co.uk/macular-degeneration site provides information on macular degeneration.
Useful info from thesightclinic that the job of the macular is to collect detailed images at the center of the field of vision. It then sends these images to the optic nerve to the brain in order to interpret the images as sight. When the cells in the area deteriorate, the images are not collected properly. Even though macular degeneration doesn’t affect one’s vision in its early stages, people may experience blurred vision as the disease progresses. Patients who suffer from advanced macular degeneration are almost legally blind. Since the rest of the retina is still functioning, these patients may retain their peripheral vision which may be not so clear as the central vision.
The actual cause of macular degeneration is still unknown. There is research being conducted in the field at this moment. Age-related macular degeneration can be caused due to heredity and environmental factors. Although there are no specific cures for this condition as yet, one can take appropriate steps to reduce his/her risk of this condition. Protecting the eyes from ultraviolet light, quitting smoking, exercising, and dieting are some of the things you can do to reduce the risk factor of macular degeneration.